Project members: Zhifeng Chen, Ke-yu Chen
Advisor: Prof. Dapeng Oliver Wu
|| Introduction || Background || Result || Download || Related Work || Useful Links ||
Software Defined Radio (SDR) is the technique of getting code as close to the antenna as possible. It turns radio hardware problems into software problems, that is, instead of hardware, the software defines the transmitted waveforms, and demodulates the received waveforms. Software Defined Radio (SDR) is a revolution in radio design, especially for the cross-layer design of multimedia transmission over wireless channels with different Quality of Service (QoS) assurance. Due to its ability to create radios that change on the fly, it is very suitable for testing dynamic wireless video performance under software-controlled parameters.
GNU Radio is a free software toolkit for learning about, building, and deploying Software Defined Radios, and is now an official GNU project. GNU Radio is a signal processing package, which is distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License. GNU Radio also provides functions to support implementing spectrum analyzer, an oscilloscope, concurrent multichannel receiver and an ever-growing collection of modulators and demodulators. (here is the detail function/Library list.) So, in this project, we choose GNU Radio as our development environment.
In this academic semester (Fall 06), we will build the environment of GNU radio, be familiar with it, and learn how to use the existing libraries to transmit a jpeg file with Differential Binary Phase Shift Keying (DBPSK)/ Differential Quadrature Phase Shift Keying (DQPSK) modulation between two end systems.
Both Multimedia and mobile communications have experienced massive growth and commercial success in the recent years. As the convergence of these two kinds technologies, mobile multimedia communications is expected to achieve unprecedented growth and worldwide success. However, the limited bandwidth resource and time-varying character of wireless channel bring up a challenge for multimedia system design to meet certain QoS requirement. To support multimedia transmission over wireless channels, it is important to consider cross layer design to support end-to-end QoS. For example, we need to consider both the physical-layer QoS (e.g., SNR) and the networking-layer QoS (e.g., delay performance) since both physical-layer bit errors and networking-layer buffer overflow can cause errors, which negatively affect the upper-layer multimedia applications. Application layer may also need to know the bandwidth and channel quality of physical layer to adaptively select the optimal code algorithm. All of these require wireless channel parameters should be controlled by software.
Another motivation come from the trend of development of mobile phone and wireless devices, which require an ever increasing number of functions with different modulations and protocols. This has necessitated an increasing number of transceivers in mobile phone and wireless devices, which tremendously increases the complexity and cost of wireless system design. The exciting news is with the support of high speed A/D, D/A devices and DSP technology, we now may use software to implement what formerly can only be done by hardware. Thus, instead of a bunch of fixed function gadgets, we may use a universal communication device to implement different functions under software control. For example, a device that can morph into a cell phone and get you connectivity using GPRS, 802.11 Wi-Fi, 802.16 WiMax, a satellite hookup or the emerging standard of the day.
We have setup a demo by ourselves. Our objective is to transmit a JPEG file by using the modules in GNU Radio.
We first read a BMP file from hard disk, send it into a JPEG encoder implemented by C++ to get a compressed image file. After encoding, the transmitter read the JPEG file and starts the modulation. On the completion of modulation, the transmitter puts the bit stream into socket and sends it to the receiver.
We add modulation and demodulation respectively in the transmitter and receiver in order to implement a practical wireless communication system, which use DBPSK/DQPSK as the modulation method. However, this setup needs the hardware support of Universal Software Radio Peripheral (USRP). In our demo, we will use TCP/IP socket connection to simulate the wireless transmission. So, without multiple the sinusoid carrier signals in our modulation, the final output is a baseband representation of the modulated signal, that is, the in-phase and quadrate (I/Q) signals. Receiver plays the server role, to listen the incoming bit stream and put the incoming bit stream into the next block "demodulation" to restore the input data to the original JPEG file. All the works described above are done by software in PC, and we use socket to substitute USRP.
For more detail information, please refer to the course project paper.
Download full files in winzip format here
Below are some of my source code. Before run these codes, you should set up the GNU Radio environment. Please refer to the GNU Radio official website for how to setup the development environment: http://www.gnu.org/software/gnuradio/
Sender: Run in client side, which performs as JPEG encoder, Modulation, and TCP sender with GUI interface
Main file DBPSK Modulation GMSK Modulation
Receiver: Run in Server side, which performs as TCP receiver, Demodulation with GUI interface
Main file DBPSK Demodulation GMSK Demodulation
Test files: These files are served to ensure the modulation and TCP/TP socket work normally before processing the JPEG files
Modulation: DBPSK DQPSK GMSK
Socket: Server Client
Project paper: This is our course project paper for GNU Radio. This will give you more idea on our project and details on what we have done
Presentation: Introduction and main topics
Library List: We tidy up all the libraries release by GNU Radio version 3.0
B. Kang, N. Vijaykrishnan et al. Power-efficient implementation of turbo decoder in SDR systems. In Procs. of IEEE International SoC Conference (SoCC), September 2004.
J. Lackey. GMSK python modules for GNU Radio. Retrieved November 30, 2005 from http://noether.uoregon.edu/~jl/gmsk/.
S. Valentin, H. von Malm, and H. Karl. "Evaluating the GNU Software Radio platform for wireless testbeds". Technical report TR-RI-06-273, University of Paderborn, Department of Computer Science, February 2006.
H. von Malm. Implementing physical and data link control layer on the GNU software-defined radio platform. Bachelor's thesis, University of Paderborn, Computer Networks Group, December 2005.
A.H. Aghvami, T. H. Le and N. Olaziregi, ＾Mode Switching and Qos Issues in Software Radio,￣ IEEE Personal Communications Magazine, October 2001, Vol. 8, No. 5.
Ming-Chung Tang, R.C. Chang and Wei-Kuan Shih, "Software Radio System Design for Accessing Wireless Multimedia Services," to appear on Int'l Journal of Computer Research.
Raquel Hill, Suvda Myagmar, and Roy Campbell, " Threat Analysis of GNU Software Radio ," World Wireless Congress (WWC) , May 2005. [presentation]
Here are some useful links which I used during my development.
Byte of Python: very suitable for
Dive Into Python
--Python from novice to pro
Python Library Reference
GNU Radio official website
step by step
gnuradio module usage
Boards Price list
Ukrainian translation by All Science Magazine